Anti-lock Braking System (ABS): Advantages and Disadvantages

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Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) is an automobile safety system that allows the wheels on automobiles to continue tractive contact with the road surface as directed by driver steering inputs while braking, preventing the wheels from ceasing rotation and therefore avoiding skidding.

Advantages of Anti-lock Braking System (ABS):

  • Anti-lock braking system (ABS) guarantees stable braking characteristics on all road surfaces, hence avoids overturning of the vehicle.
  • ABS reduces friction on wheels and road, thus increases the efficiency of tires (up to 30%).
  • The Vehicle with ABS can be stopped at a lesser distance than a non ABS vehicle.
  • Steering control is effective, i.e., the vehicle can be steered smoothly while braking. Thus minimizes the accidents.
  • A driver without experience can drive ABS vehicle effectively, then an experienced driver on the non ABS vehicle.
Vehicle without ABS and with ABS

Image credits: nasva.go.jp

Disadvantages of Anti-lock Braking System (ABS):

  • Initial cost for Anti-lock braking system (ABS) vehicle is high.
  • Maintenance issues arise as the whole braking system is controlled by engine control unit.
  • On concrete roads, the ABS vehicle stopping distance might be needed more.

Vinodh Reddy is an Editor-in-chief of ME Mechanical. He holds Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) degree in Mechanical Engineering from BITS-Pilani. He also writes for vrcworks.net and EduGeneral.

All Comments

  • I need to know the difference between advantages and disadvantages of braking system

    Pramanshu Agarwal Aug 30, 2016 6:21 pm Reply
    • Hi Pramanshu Agarwal, In this article we have covered advantages and disadvantages of Anti-lock braking system.
      Search on the internet for the advantages and demerits of different braking systems such as “Disc brakes, Drum brakes, Hydraulic brakes, Brake-by-wire, Power brake booster, Air brakes, Advanced emergency braking system” to learn more about the advantages and disadvantages of braking system.

      Vinodh Reddy Chennu Sep 2, 2016 9:49 am Reply
  • Please tell me why ABS is not desirable in F1 cars

    Vaibhav Deshmukh Sep 7, 2016 7:22 pm Reply

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