Airplane Parts and their Function

Airplanes are travelling machines that are manufactured to transport human beings and luggage from one location to another. Airplanes travel in air very faster compared to roadway vehicles, trains and ships.
Airplanes are manufactured in manufactured in different shapes and sizes according to the need and desire. When Airplane is travelling it has to lift its own weight, the fuel, the passengers and the luggage.
Parts of an airplane are wing, jet engine, cockpit, fuselage, slats, spoiler

Parts of an airplane and their function are mentioned below in tabular form.

S.No
Airplane Parts
Function of the airplane part
1
Wing
Generate lift to hold airplane in air.
2
Jet Engine
Generate thrust to overcome the drag and to move in forward direction
3
Cockpit
Pilot sit here to control and command the plane.
4
Fuselage (Body)
Holds all parts together
5
Slats
To increase airplane lift during takeoff and landing
6
Spoiler
To reduce plane speed
7
Aileron
Roll the wings side ward direction
8
Flaps
Increase lift and drag of airplane during takeoff and landing
9
Elevator
Deflect the tail of the airplane up and down motion
10
Rudder
Deflect the tail direction to the left and right side
11
Vertical Stabilizer
To maintain the balance of the airplane from swinging side ward directions
12
Horizontal Stabilizer
To maintain the balance of the airplane from moving up-and-down

Reference: Parts of Airplane and function – NASA Website


Vinodh Reddy is an Editor-in-chief of ME Mechanical. He holds Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) degree in Mechanical Engineering from BITS-Pilani. He also writes for vrcworks.net and EduGeneral.

All Comments

  • Superb

    venkatesh.k Dec 7, 2015 9:42 pm Reply
  • Dont explain very basic topics concentrate on topics which are not available in books

    Muni bhargav Apr 14, 2016 8:27 am Reply
  • THANKS IT HAS HELPED M UNDERSTAND THE PARTS AND FUNCTIONS OF AN AIRCRAFT

    FAITH Feb 8, 2017 1:45 pm Reply
  • Thank you so much! This helped me a lot by reducing the amount of studying I had to so for my science test!

    May Mar 31, 2017 2:55 am Reply
  • THANKS I LEARN ALOT !!! 🙂

    HOSE DELGATO May 2, 2017 9:12 pm Reply
  • Sometimes when we go for designing of a very small and an important thing in a big machine, we tend to forget the other parts. This article helped me to remember the various parts while I am designing the EMA for Rudder. Cheers to Vinodh!!

    Swetcha Parimala Tempalle May 6, 2017 1:05 am Reply

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