Going through the strenuous course of completing a B. Tech degree is definitely an achievement. But for a mechanical engineer the struggle doesn’t end there. Mechanical engineering is one of the oldest branches of engineering. It is also referred to as the mother of engineering. This field has a wide scope of learning and is extremely diverse. Most of the modern day inventions are contributed to this field of engineering.
Mechanical engineers have to understand various concepts like thermodynamics, mechanics, robotics, kinematics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, CAD, CAM. All these concepts are universally used to create and design different type’s motor vehicles, manufacturing units, aircraft and aerospace parts and other assortments of machineries that are used every day and also at industries.
So once you are in final year or graduated in B. Tech/B.E in Mechanical Engineering from India, you have a variety of opportunities to explore. To get selected into the top PSU’s you would have to write the following exams GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering), SAIL, GAIL, BARC etc.
You can also choose any one of the below mentioned specializations in Mechanical Engineering to do M.Tech / M.E by getting seat in top universities and colleges like IITs, BITS, NITs.
This is a combination of manufacturing technology and management science. A production engineer is someone that has both wide knowledge of various engineering practices and also aware of the challenges that are related to production. Their main goal is to achieve a smooth, judicious and economic production process.
Production engineering in short means application and design of manufacturing techniques. It is used to produce a specific product. It covers various areas like:
- Specification, planning and coordination of the resources and their usage.
- Analysis of productions processes, productability and systems.
- Application of equipment, methods and tooling.
- Application of cost control techniques.
This specialization covers areas that deals with optimizing of complex systems and processes. It is concerned with the improvement, the implementation and the development of integrated systems of knowledge, people, money, information, energy, equipment, analysis, materials and synthesis. Industrial Engineering also covers physical, mathematical and social sciences that are put together with the principles and methods of engineering design to predict, specify and evaluate what the results are.
Depending on the sub specialties involved, industrial engineering may also be known as Management Sciences, System Engineer, Ergonomics and Safety Engineer etc.
This specialization deals with heating and cooling of equipment, processes and enclosed environments. A combination of theories and disciplines could be used to solve a specific thermal engineering issue like:
- Fluid mechanics
- Mass transfer
- Heat transfer
Thermal engineering is practiced by both chemical engineers and mechanical engineers.
Material sciences Engineering: This specialization covers areas like design and discovery of new materials. It is a relatively new field in the engineering domain. It involves studying materials through materials paradigm i.e., properties, structure, synthesis and performance. Material Sciences origin reaches back to the fields of engineering, chemistry and mineralogy.
It has elements of physics and chemistry, and is at the front runner of nano technology and nano science research. However in recent years, materials science is widely known as a specific field of engineering and science
This specialization deals with the various aspects of automobile and its making. Modern automotive engineering, along with aerospace engineering and marine engineering, is a branch of automobile engineering, incorporating various elements like:
- Safety engineering
These are applied to the design operation and manufacture of automobiles, motorcycles, trucks and buses along with their respective engineering subsystems.
This specialization deals with the mathematical and physical basis of the subject and it is applied in various different fields. Broadly they cover subjects like mechanics, theories of elasticity, fracture and plasticity and design optimization.
Manufacturing: This area of specialization covers variety of courses like metallurgy, heat treatment, welding, casting, hot and cold forming and various other non-metallic materials like plastics, ceramics etc.
Fluid Mechanics / Environmental Fluid Mechanics:
This specialization deals with a broad range of applications relating to the principles of fluid mechanics and thermodynamics. Keeping their emphasis on industrial significance.
There are plethora of industries that have high demand mechanical engineers like Aerospace Industry, Steel Plants, Aviation Companies, Armed Forces, Thermal Plants, Automobile and Auto parts industry etc. Plus if you plan to complete your masters and PhD, you could join as a professor at any reputed university.