Distinguish between Crater Wear and Flank Wear of a Single Point Cutting Tool

Crater Wear:

The wear taking place on the rake face of a single point cutting tool like crater is called crater wear.

The crater wear is mainly caused due to

  • The presence of friction between the chip-tool interface,
  • The abrasion action of microchips present at the chip-tool interface.
  • The abrasive action of fragments of Built Up Edge (BUE) at the chip-tool interface and diffusion wear.
  • The diffusion wears, due to the atomic attraction between the tool and work the atoms of the tool material will get diffused and deposited over the workpiece called diffusion wear.
Diagram of worn single point cutting tool, showing the principal locations of crater wear and flank wear occur

Diagram of worn cutting tool, showing the principal locations where crater wear and flank wear occur

Flank Wear:

The wear taking place on the flank face of a single point cutting tool is called flank wear.

The reasons for flank wear are:

  • The presence of friction at the tool work interface.
  • The abrasive action of microchips or powdered particles present at the tool work interface and diffusion wear.
  • The diffusion wears, due to the atomic attraction between the tool and work the atoms of the tool material will get diffused and deposited over the workpiece called as diffusion wear.
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