Liquid chillers are machines that removes heat from a liquid via a vapor-compression refrigeration cycle or vapor-absorption refrigeration cycle. This liquid can then ..
Stirling cycle is a thermodynamic cycle consists of two isothermal and two isochoric processes. Heat rejection and heat addition takes place at constant temperature. ..
The air-standard Brayton cycle is a theoretical cycle for gas turbines. This cycle consists of two reversible adiabatic or isentropic processes and two constant ..
The available energy of a system decreases as its temperature or pressure decreases and approaches equilibrium to the surroundings. When the heat is transferred ..
In an air-cooling system, the outer surface of the cylinder and cylindrical head in reciprocating engine is cooled by air flowing over them. To increase the heat ..
A Psychrometric chart can graphically represents the thermodynamic properties of air-water vapor mixture. Standard psychrometric charts are bounded by the dry-bulb ..
The total energy possessed by all the microscopic models of motion is called internal energy (U). Internal energy is the energy associated with the molecular structure ..
Otto cycle consists of two isoentropic and two isochoric processes. Heat is supplied and heat is rejected by the cycle during isochoric process. Where, 1-2: Adiabatic ..
The application of first law of thermodynamics process led to the establishment of a new property named internal energy (U), the application of the second law to a process ..
Law of conservation of energy does not distinguish between useful and wasted energy. The law neglects ‘losses’ from the closed system into the environment. ..
Gibbs phase rule provides a relationship among the number of degree of freedom (F) of the system, the number of phases (P) in the system and the number of chemical ..
Different methods of refrigeration are Dry ice refrigeration Evaporative refrigeration Thermo-electric refrigeration Steam jet refrigeration Liquid gas refrigeration ..
Some of the similarities between heat and work are described under. Heat and work are both transient phenomena. Systems never possess heat or work, but either ..
The air-standard diesel cycle is shown on p-V and T-s diagrams respectively. This is the ideal cycle for the diesel engine, which is also called the compression ..