Wood Timber: Types, Quality and Uses

The common types of well-recognized timbers of hardwood and softwood are Shisham, Sal, Teak, Mango, Mahogany, Kail, Chid, Babul, Fir wood, Walnut and Haldu.

timber wood log

Softwood includes Deodar, Chid, Kail, Fir wood and Haldu. Whereas Hardwood includes Shisham, Sal, Teak, Mango and Walnut.

Deodar is white in color when soft. But when it is hard, its color turns towards light yellow. It is strong and durable. It provides fragrance when smelled. It is not easily attacked by insects as it has some quantity of oil in it. It is used for manufacturing of doors, furniture, patterns, railway sleepers, etc.

Chid wood is also known as chir wood. Its color is dark brown when is soft, but it is reddish-brown in color when hard. It has stripes of dark brown color. It has an oily smell and is used for interior work in the house.

Kail wood possesses to many knots in it. This wood is commonly found in Himalayas of India. It yields a close-grained, moderately hard and durable wood which can be easily painted. It is commonly utilized for making cheap furniture, wooden doors, packing case etc.

Fir wood is light brown in color when soft, but harder variety is found in dark brown color. It can be easily attacked by insects. It is commonly utilized for making drawers, packing cases, doors.

Haldu wood is white in color at the time of cutting, but once cut, its color turns to yellow. It can be dried and polished satisfactorily. It is widely used for making small objects such as stool, picture frames, trays, cabinets, etc.

Shisham wood is dark brown in color, and it possesses golden and dark brow stripes. It is very hard to work and wears or blunts the sharp edge of cutting tool quickly. It is recognized as highly strong and durable wood and is mainly used for making a good variety of furniture, tool handles, beds, cabinets, bridge piles, plywood, etc.

Sal wood exists in rose brown color which slowly turns into dark brown. It is free from an attack of white insects, and it is very difficult to work. It has poor finish and not suitable for decorative furniture. It finds tremendous applications in making doors, windows, cots, wooden handles, furniture and railway sleepers.

Teak wood is hard, very costly and it possesses wide applications. This wood is available in golden yellow or dark brown color. Special stripes on it add to its beauty. It is very strong, durable and it maintains good polish. It is mainly used for making good quality furniture, plywood, ships, etc.

Mango wood is brown in color and it can be easily shaped in various products. It is widely used in India as a cheap wood for making doors, packing cases, toys and inferior furniture.

Walnut wood is a good variety of wood which resists the attack of white ants. It can be polished easily in a better way. This wood is used for making musical instruments, furniture, cabinet work, decoration work, etc.

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